Thousands, perhaps even tens of thousands, of Jews have died because of this infamous forgery.
Rabbi Joseph Teluskin Jewish Literacy
Commentary on the Protocols — by Dr. Daniel Keren: This commentary, by Dr. Danny Keren, provides an excellent, brief introduction to the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. The bibliography is a good resource for anyone wanting to learn more about the Protocols. (Dr. Keren's essay comes from the FTP archives of the Nizkor Project.)
Russian Court Rules Protocols an Antisemitic Forgery: Also originating from the FTP archives, this Los Angeles Times article is about the 1993 Russian court ruling that the Protocols of the Elders of Zion is an antisemitic forgery — "the first such verdict in the land where the fraud originated 90 years ago."
Antisemitic Snake Imagery (USHMM)
Antisemitism — Protocols of the Elders of Zion: This educational Web presentation of the history and current use of the Protocols is from the Holocaust Encyclopedia of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, one of the most notorious works of antisemitic propaganda in modern times, is a forgery that claims to describe a secret Jewish conspiracy for world domination. From the early 20th century to the present day, ultranationalist political groups worldwide have reprinted and distributed the fictitious Protocols to defend and perpetuate their antisemitic campaigns. Today's resurgence of antisemitism in many parts of the world has again propelled the use of the Protocols to spread hate."
Adolf Hitler and the Protocols: This Web page includes Hitler's comments about the Protocols in his book, Mein Kampf, as well as an excerpt from the testimony of Nazi leader Erich von dem Bach-Zelewsky, an anti-partisan chief on the Russian front, who admitted that there was no Jewish conspiracy, despite the Nazis' claims.
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion London (1978)
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (PDF): Although the Protocols is a proven, antisemitic hoax, I am providing a PDF version for educational purposes only. This PDF document (1.1 MB) is based upon Victor E. Marsden's translation of Sergei Nilus's Russian edition. (Marsden's translation was published originally by The Britons Publishing Society, London, in 1921, but was reissued under other titles.) Although I have grave misgivings about providing this document, I refuse to link to the antisemitic sites that host copies of it. In addition, the PDF file contains, on each page, an embedded, permanent warning stating that the document is a hoax and a forgery — in order to prevent any abusive distribution and use of this disturbing lie. The warnings in the PDF file state, "This document is a proven antisemitic forgery and hoax. Any abuse of this document is strictly forbidden." In summary, this PDF document contains Dr. Daniel Keren's commentary on the Protocols; the Los Angeles Times article about the Russian court's ruling that the Protocols is an antisemitic forgery; and, the Protocols.
The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion — Plagiarism at Its Best: The content of this Web page was created in November 2003 by José De La Cruz at the University of California at Santa Barbara in an introductory lecture course on the Holocaust. The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion "helped to spread the disease of antisemitism throughout the world. The Protocols is a document that purports to represent the ideas of a secret society of Jewish elders and was published by Sergei Nilus in Russia in 1905. These ideas are the blueprint for conquering the world. History can show the impact that this document has had on the human race. Adolf Hitler was influenced by the Protocols, which therefore helps explain why Hitler believed that Jews were planning to conquer the world. Consequently, Hitler was responsible for the deaths of millions of Jews throughout Europe.... It has been proven that the Protocols is a mere forgery of a prior document and holds no concrete evidence of an original author. In sum, the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion is false documentation that has no credibility, and its sole purpose is to spread antisemitism throughout the world."
A Hoax of Hate — The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion: Presented by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), this introductory overview of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion is an excellent primer about this antisemitic work. A Hoax of Hate contains several sections, from a description of the origin of the Protocols to its contemporary reemergence and widespread condemnation: "It is a classic in paranoid, racist literature. Taken by the gullible as the confidential minutes of a Jewish conclave convened in the last years of the nineteenth century, it has been heralded by antisemites as proof that Jews are plotting to take over the world."
Protocols of the Elders of Zion and Antisemitism: Written by Shaul Wallach and hosted by Shamash, this essay presents a brief history of the Protocols and their place in modern Arab nationalism: "It is most disturbing in these days of renascent Nazism in Germany, and of antisemitism in Europe at large, that the Protocols of the Elders of Zion is still being used in academic circles. What people who quote this 'book' fail to mention, and apparently fail to realize, is that the Protocols is a forgery redacted by the Russian secret police nearly 100 years ago, even before Zionism existed as a political movement."
Protocols of the Elders of Zion — The Skeptic's Dictionary: This brief essay by The Skeptic's Dictionary is a refutation of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion: "The Protocols hoax continues to fool people, and is still cited by certain individuals and groups as the cause of all their woes."
The Times of London Exposes a Forgery: In a series of articles in 1921, Philip Graves, the Constantinople reporter for The Times, who took information from the work of Lucien Wolf, exposed the Protocols of the Elders of Zion as a forgery and a hoax. (The history of the Protocols was traced back to the works of German antisemite Hermann Goedsche and French satirist Maurice Joly [Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu, or Dialogues in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu].) Jared Israel's Web presentation on The Emperor's Clothes, The Source of 'The Protocols of Zion': An Exposure, provides copies of Philip Graves's articles in PDF and HTML format.
Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu — Project Gutenberg: The 1864 political satire by Maurice Joly, Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu (Dialogues in Hell between Machiavelli and Montesquieu) attacks the political ambitions of Napoleon III by using the device of diabolical plotters in Hell. Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu, available in HTML and plain text format at Project Gutenberg, is one of the plagiarized sources of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. (Joly's work contains no references to Jews, incidentally.) For those of you who do not read French, Dialogues in Hell between Machiavelli and Montesquieu, was published in English in 2005.
Protocols of the Elders of Zion — Virtual Jewish Library: The Virtual Jewish Library (VJL) describes the Protocols as "the most notorious and most successful work of modern antisemitism, [which] draws on popular antisemitic notions which have their roots in medieval Europe from the time of the Crusades. The libels that the Jews used blood of Christian children for the Feast of Passover, poisoned the wells and spread the plague, were pretexts for the wholesale destruction of Jewish communities throughout Europe. Tales were circulated among the masses of secret rabbinical conferences whose aim was to subjugate and exterminate the Christians, and motifs like these are found in early antisemitic literature." The VJL's educational presentation contains three sections about the origins, history, use, and distribution of the Protocols.
Sergei Nilus: Publisher of the First Edition of the Protocols in 1905.
Protocols of the Elders of Zion — Beyond the Pale: This section of Beyond the Pale: The History of Jews in Russia focuses on the Protocols of the Elders of Zion: "The Protocols do not immediately draw much attention when published in Russia in 1905, but this changes after the Revolution. Anti-Bolshevists point to the Protocols to explain the sudden and radical changes in Russia and to justify antisemitic violence during the Civil War. In 1921, evidence is produced that the Protocols are a forgery: The author has plagiarized whole sections from a French publication of 1864 which was directed against Napoleon III and had nothing to do with Jews."
What Are The Protocols of the Elders of Zion?: This short essay from the Holocaust History Project provides factual evidence that the Protocols is an antisemitic forgery and hoax, as well as demonstrating the tragic influence of the Protocols on Adolf Hitler and the use of the Protocols in Nazi propaganda: "The war that the Nazis waged against the Jews was not just a war of physical annihilation. It was an international war of propaganda to convince the rest of the world of the evils of Judaism. One of the primary weapons that the Third Reich used for this international effort was a forgery known as The Protocols of the Elders of Zion."
Dismantling the Big Lie — The Protocols of the Elders of Zion: Written by Steven L. Jacobs and Mark Weitzman, and published by KTAV Publishing House, Dismantling the Big Lie: The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is "the first work that refutes, in a detailed and specific fashion, the claims made in the classic antisemitic forgery, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. While other attempts have been made to explore the history or context of the Protocols, this work sets out the themes and claims of each of the 24 protocols, and then debunks them, protocol by protocol. Since the Protocols claim to be exposing a hidden conspiracy rooted in Jewish tradition, the refutation is accomplished by showing how authentic Jewish texts and authorities have actually addressed these issues. The positions cited are drawn from the range of Jewish history and traditions. There are also chapters that explore current use of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion by modern extremists, as well as the new life given to them by the Internet. In addition to the introduction, there is also a thematic index."
Hitler used the Protocols as a manual in his war to exterminate the Jews.
Nora Levin The Holocaust: The Destruction of European Jewry