Jewish Culture and History
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- Images of Polish Synagogues: Also accessible via the "Images of Other Synagogues in Poland" button (just above), this Web page offers images of, and information about, selected synagogues in Poland. At this early stage, the following synagogues are included: Warsaw's Nozyk synagogue; Lancut's four-pillared synagogue; Tykocin's Baroque synagogue; the "Rema" synagogue in Kazimierz (Cracow); and, the Old Synagogue in Kazimierz (Cracow).
- Center for Jewish History: "The Center for Jewish History is comprised of four institutions of higher Jewish learning, each of which has made a singular contribution to the cultural and historical legacy of the Jewish people. The American Jewish Historical Society (at Brandeis University), the Leo Baeck Institute, Yeshiva University Museum, and YIVO Institute for Jewish Research have become partners in a visionary plan -- the creation of an unparalleled campus complex devoted to the furtherance of Jewish scholarship in the heart of New York City: The Center for Jewish History." In addition to introducing the CJH's partner organizations, the Center's home page also describes the CJH's plans; goals; and, Jewish Heritage Campaign.
- Beth Hatefutsoth -- The Nahum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora: Beth Hatefutsoth is "a cultural and educational institution providing multiple avenues of personal historical identification." The museum's hope is "that by sharing the unique story of Jewish endurance, new generations may find the key to their own."
The museum's Web site contains several sections, including a virtual exhibition; a section on Diaspora communities; links to related sites; visual documentation; events; music; genealogy and family names; news; and education. Beth Hatefutsoth is "truly, in every sense of the word, a museum of the Jewish people."
- H-JUDAIC Home Page: The H-JUDAIC Web site, in assocation with Jewish Studies On-Line, is "the world's largest Internet provider of academic Jewish Studies." (H-JUDAIC is one of several lists established and maintained by the University of Illinois at Chicago, as part of the H-Net: Humanities On-Line Consortium project.)
Jewish Studies On-line is "a volunteer organization of professionals in Jewish Studies who collectively administer a series of Internet-based services in academic Jewish Studies, including an electronic discussion group (H-JUDAIC), an industry newsletter (Jewish Studies Judaica eJournal), and a Web-based library of pre-print articles and teaching summaries."
- Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts: Located in the Jewish National and University Library, the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts (IMHM) in Jerusalem, "has undertaken the task of collecting microfilm copies of all Hebrew manuscripts extant in public and private collections. Over 60,000 reels, representing more than 90% of known Hebrew manuscripts, are available for the use of scholars and interested laymen. The IMHM . . . offers scholars a unique facility to study, compare and collate Hebrew manuscripts found in distant locations on different continents. All the vast printed resources of Hebraica and Judaica are available in the same building. Adjoining the IMHM are the Department of Manuscripts of the JNUL, housing 10,000 original MSS, and the Hebrew Palaeography Project, which is conducting research on the codicology and palaeography of medieval dated Hebrew MSS."
- Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer Electronic Text Editing Project: Edited by Dr. Lewis M. Barth <email@example.com> of Hebrew Union College's Jewish Institute of Religion in Los Angeles, California, and still under construction, the Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer Electronic Text Editing Project contains texts and manuscripts in Hebrew -- as well as other resources, such as a bibliography. The first manuscript is a digitized copy of a 1514 edition from Constantinople; the original is in the Klau Library of Hebrew Union College. (Please note that in "the Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer Manuscript Database, the ID number of this edition is: 01.")
About the Pirké De-Rabbi Eliezer ("Pirqe Rabbi Eliezer")
According to The Encyclopedia of Judaism the Pirké De-Rabbi Eliezer ("Chapters of Rabbi Eliezer") is a "Midrash composed in the early decades of the ninth century by an unknown author and ascribed by him to R. Eliezer ben Hyrcanus, a tanna of the late first/early second century CE. Scholars are divided as to whether it was written in Erets Israel or Babylonia. The work enjoyed considerable popularity in Jewish circles and went through more than two dozen editions, including a Latin translation in the 17th century.
Noteworth are the many similarities as well as the divergences between it and the Pseudepigrapha . . . . All the sages mentioned in the work are from Erets Israel, and the Jerusalem Talmud is frequently quoted.
The book is composite in nature and consists of three originally distinct sections: one describes the occasions when God descended to earth; another gives a detailed account of early rabbinic mysticism as well as the calculation of the calendar; the third is a partial Midrash on the Amidah. The first two chapters present a biographical account of the putative author of the book, R. Eliezer ben Hyrcanus. Several chapters appear to be intended as homilies for special Sabbaths. . . . A distinct polemical note emerges in its attitude to certain teachings in the Pseudepigrapha, apparently accepted by some Jewish sects in the author's time. . . ."
(Wigoder, Geoffrey; Editor in Chief. The Encyclopedia of Judaism.
[New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1989], p.555)
- Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (UCSJ) Home Page: The Union of Councils "is the largest independent grassroots organization advocating for Jews and human rights in the former Soviet Union (FSU)." Founded in 1970, "with a strict commitment to a non-paternalistic approach, UCSJ works in partnership with indigenous Jewish activists to provide the security, freedom, dignity, and welfare of Jews in the former Soviet Union." The UCSJ's Web site provides information about the Council's programs, including the Yad L'Yad Partnership Program, "the primary vehicle for UCSJ's support for Jewish life in the FSU today."
- On-line Gedenkbuch: Serving as an on-line Gedenkbuch (Memorial Book), this FTP site offers many resources, including transliterations from selected Yizkor books; lists of Jewish cemeteries; lists of Holocaust victims; a list of major research centers on the Holocaust; and information on Jewish genealogy. Individuals interested in Jewish genealogy might also want to access the Jewish Genealogy Home Page of the Dallas Jewish Historical Society (hosted by the Dallas Virtual Jewish Community) and JewishGen: The Home of Jewish Genealogy.
- Shtetl -- Yiddish Language and Culture: Created and maintained by Iosif Vaisman, this Web site is "[o]rganized as locations in a shtetl, a small Eastern European Jewish town" and provides "[l]inks to information about Yiddish language and culture." The sections include a library; synagogue; school; memorial; post office; station; art center; and, kitchen.
- Yiddish Research Network: This Web pages provides a description of the Yiddish Research Network (YRN), founded and run by graduate students at the University of Texas at Austin; Ohio State University; and, the Freie Universität Berlin. The Network seeks "the participation of researchers from all fields who are interested in topics dealing with Yiddish language, linguistics, literature, and culture."
- Requiem -- The Song of the Murdered Jewish People: This Web page provides information about Zlata Razdolina's orchestral work, Requiem: The Song of the Murdered Jewish People, based on the poem by Itzhak (Yitzhak) Katzenelson. "May this elegy and Requiem bear witness to the millions of Jews murdered at the hands of the Nazis, and be an eternal warning to the generations born after the Holocaust."
- The Workmen's Circle/Arbeter Ring: This Web site provides information about The Workmen's Circle/Arbeter Ring, which is "dedicated to fostering Jewish identity and participation in Jewish life, among its members, through Jewish, especially Yiddish, culture and education, friendship, mutual aid, and the pursuit of social and economic justice." One of the main goals of the organization is "to preserve the unique beauty of Jewish and Yiddish culture so that our rich legacy does not disappear into the 'melting pot' of America. As a result, The Workmen's Circle/Arbeter Ring is the chief -- the preeminent -- advocate of Yiddish cultural activity."
- Vinnitsa Region Jewish Community: This presentation provides basic information about the Vinnitsa Region Jewish Community (VRJC) in the Podolia region of Ukraine. The VRJC has several functions, including supporting the elderly and sick Jews of the region; creating and implementing educational programs; revitalizing Yiddish language and culture; and, preserving the region's Jewish historical artifacts, sites, and monuments. The Web page also provides information about the VRJC's ongoing needs, and how interested individuals may help.
- Jewish Heritage Society (Moscow): The Jewish Heritage Society is "an independent scholarly institution for the development and coordination of research in history and culture of the Jewish people in the Russian Empire and the USSR, and documenting the Jewish historical legacy. The Society's interests embrace a wide range of academic scholarship in the field of Jewish studies."
- Beyond the Pale -- The History of Jews in Russia: Available in English and Russian, this site features the following sections: Introduction; The Middle Ages; The Development of Modern Antisemitism; Jews in the Russian Empire; Jews in the Soviet Union; Nazism and the Holocaust; Jews in the Soviet Union: 1941 to Present; and Epilogue: Democracy and Minority Rights.
- Judaica in Russia: Available in English and Russian, this Web site is the site of The Institute for Jewish Studies in the Commonwealth of Independent States (under the direction of Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz). It includes a guest book, information on joining the institute's club, and links to other Jewish Web sites.
- Kazimierz -- The Jewish District in Krakow: Created and maintained by Tomasz Bigaj, this site offers a portrait of the Kazimierz district of Krakow (Cracow), Poland. It provides cultural and historical background; an aerial map of Kazimierz; and links to other sites. Incidentally, the site features a large image of the Old Synagogue in Kazimierz. (Please note that this site is almost entirely in Polish.)
- Debica, Poland -- The Shtetl: This Web site, created and maintained by Israel Preker of Tel Aviv, is "a memorial home page for the Jews who lived and died in the shtetl Debica (Dembica-Dembitz) near Krakow, Poland." Mr. Preker writes that: "I traveled Debica and the Krakow area in August 1996 in order to collect some information about my family, take photos and feel the atmosphere of this area." The pages offers many resources to individuals interested in this region, its people, and its history.
- Jewish Community of Kishinev: Providing much information about the Jewish community of Kishinev, Moldova ("a community of renaissance . . . with an eye to the future"), this site includes sections on Jewish Identity: Holidays and Simchas; Humanitarian Aid; Education; Jewish Moldova at a Glance; Kishinev Jewish Community: How to Help; Moldova International; and, the Kishinev Community Newspaper:
Kishinev, Moldova . . . Most of us draw a blank. The name is not connected to any image that comes readily to mind -- it's just another geographical spot in that conglomerate of vague old-new nations awkwardly tagged, "The Former Soviet Union."
For others, the name Kishinev has sinister connotations, recalling grim photos of piles of bodies -- Jewish victims of the terrible pogroms which were perpetrated there at the turn of the century.
Today, these tragic scenes have happily given way to scenes of joy -- scenes of a vibrant, spirited Jewish life. After decades of war, destruction and oppression, the Jewish community of Kishinev is experiencing a renaissance, unprecedented in modern times. Jewish life in Kishinev and its neighboring towns is once again alive and well. . . .
- Dorohoi -- Jewish Roots in Romania (Radacini Evreiesti in Romania): The Organization of Jews Born in the Dorohoi District (OJBDD) -- the towns Dorohoi, Mihaileni, Darabani, Hertza, Saveni, Radautz-Prut -- was founded in Haifa, Israel, in 1975. The OJBDD "was created with the aim of eternalizing the memory of the 5,000 Jews of Dorohoi, and of the neighbouring places, who died during the Second World War in the camps of Transnistria, as well as of those who were killed in the pogrom of Dorhoi, June 1940."
- Zabludow Memorial Web Page: Created and maintained by Tilford Bartman, this Web site is a memorial to the Jews of Zabludow, Poland (which is approximately fifteen kilometers from Bialystok). Mr. Bartman's father was born in Zabludow, as was his father's parents. Many of Mr. Bartman's relatives who remained in Zabludow were murdered during in the Holocaust.
The Web site contains many images of Zabludow and Bialystok, maps, rare images of the famous Zabludow wooden synagogue, and a history of the events which occurred in Zabludow during the Holocaust. The site also features some Holocaust-related documents from Zabludow.
- Yiddish Voice -- Sholem Aleichem Reads: Presented by the Yiddish Voice radio program in Boston, this digital recording of Sholem Aleichem (1859-1916) reading excerpts from Ven Ikh Bin Rotshild (If I Were Rothschild) and A Freylekher Yontev (A Happy Holiday) originated from the YIVO Institute Sound Archive. This Yiddish Voice radio program, incidentally, originally aired on 1 May 1996. (To listen to this digital recording you need the RealPlayer software for your particular computing platform.)
- BUBL --
Judaism and Israel Resources: This link accesses the Judaism and
Israel resources of the BUBL Information Service's WWW subject tree.
library and information science professionals in the United Kingdom,
as well as the wider academic and research community supported by
these professionals; BUBL began as the Bulletin Board for Libraries,
and has users all over the world.)
Tannebaum's Judaism and Jewish Resources: Andrew Tannebaum's Web
site is an impressive, extensive, and annotated listing of resources
on the Internet about Judaism and Israel. Just a few of the many
subjects covered include Web, Gopher, and FTP sites; electronic
mailing lists; Israel's news and media; UseNet conferences;
Lubavitcher Hasidim; education; products and services; communities
and organizations; arts; Yiddish; museums and exhibitions;
archaeology; libraries; books, and travel.
- On-line Databases -- Humanities Computing Initiative at TAU: Provided as a service by the Humanities Computing Initiative at Tel Aviv University, this Web site currently includes the following on-line databases: Studies in Zionism Bibliography (Journal of Israeli History); Igrot Ahad Ha-Am (over 3,000 letters in Hebrew by Ahad Ha-Am [Asher Ginzberg]); and, a Bibliography of the History of Polish Jewry.
- Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies: Created and maintained by Alun Ward, this Web site describes and introduces the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies (OCHJS), which was established in 1972 and is "under the aegis of Oxford University but is financially independent and has its own Board of Governors." The OCHJS is "an advanced research and teaching institute which aims to promote international scholarship in the field of Hebrew and Jewish Studies. It is an associated centre of St Cross College. The President and Fellows of the Centre are also fellows of Oxford colleges and teach in appropriate faculties of the university. The Centre acts as host to distinguished Visiting Scholars and Visiting Fellows who normally spend from two months to a year conducting research at the Centre." The Web site provides information on many topics, including earning a diploma in Jewish Studies; scholarships and fellowships, and Oxford Centre fellows; lectures and seminars; the Leopold Muller Memorial Library and Kressel Collection; the European Association for Jewish Studies; and the journals, Studies in Muslim-Jewish Relations and the Journal of Jewish Studies.
- Hatikva Project -- Swedish/Jewish Information on the Internet: Created and maintained by the Hatikva Project in Stockholm, this site provides "links to help you to the Swedish/Jewish sites available today on the World Wide Web." There are also links to "some of the best international Jewish home pages available on the Net." A few of the the sites included are: the Institute for Jewish Culture in Lund; March of the Living (Sweden) -- including the 1996 trip to Poland; the Raoul Wallenberg Web site; The Bergman Affaire: Antisemitism in Swedish Academia; The Jewish Center of Stockholm; and, The Swedish Janusz Korczak Association. (There are, of course, Swedish-language versions of the pages in this Web site.)
- Canadian Jewish Congress: Headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, and founded in 1919, the "Canadian Jewish Congress <firstname.lastname@example.org> serves as the democratically elected representative organization of Canada's Jewish community and is recognized as its voice at home and abroad. Officers are elected every three years at plenary assemblies by delegates from Canadian communities and national and local Jewish associations."
These elected officers and the CJC staff serve as representatives on the following issues:
- advocacy and social action
- archives and reference
- community relations
- constitution and charter review
- education and continuity
- Holocaust remembrance
- international affairs
- national unity
- religious and inter-religious affairs
- small communities in Canada, featuring war crimes
- Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center: "The Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center is both a research institute and a museum, with [a] . . . collection of ethnographic material, Judaica, archival documents, books and manuscripts. The BJHC publishes research work and journals, organizes exhibitions and holds cultural events and conferences." The Center has "strong ties with Jews of Iraqi origin both in Israel and in the Diaspora, and [is] in the process of compiling an extensive genealogical database of families originating in Iraq."
- The Tanakh (Tanach) in Hebrew Script: A service of the Institute Practical Bible Education (IPBE), this Web site is an electronic version, in Hebrew script, of the Tanakh (TaNaKh) -- the Torah (Pentateuch), Nevi'im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings); the basis for this Tanakh is an ASCII-text transliteration by Steve Gross. The site provides instructions for viewing the Hebrew text with a Web browser -- and access to the IPBE's Hebrew Bible in Spoken Form Web page.
Individuals interested in on-line and electronic Hebrew texts may also want to visit the Shamash Tanach Directory, which provides extensive resources, including commentaries on the Divrei Torah and Hebrew texts of the Tanakh, Talmud Bavli, and Talmud Yerushalmi.
- Hypertext Halacha: The Hypertext Halacha is an English translation of the Shulhan Arukh and the Mishna Berurah, distributed by Project Genesis via the HALACHA-YOMI e-mail distribution list, which is coordinated by Rabbi Yaakov Menken.
- Shema Yisrael Torah Network: The Shema Yisrael Torah Network "allows Jewish institutions, families, businesses, and educators to . . . exploit the wonders of the Internet." The Network offers many resources, including Daf Yomi (in audio); Pirchei Shoshanim; Halacha Yomi; Parshas HaShavua; stories of Hashgacha Pratis; mishna contests for children; access to the International Jewish School Network; and, subscriptions to electronic Torah mailing lists.
- Jewish Bible Association: Affiliated with the Department of Jewish Education and Culture in the Diaspora of the Joint Authority for Jewish Zionist Education, the Jewish Bible Association publishes the Jewish Bible Quarterly, "the only Jewish-sponsored English-language journal devoted exclusively to the Tanakh (Jewish Bible)." An electronic annual index of the JBQ is available via the JBA's World Wide Web site.
- Martin Buber Home Page: Providing information, in German and English, on the Jewish scholar and philosopher Martin Buber (1878-1965), this Web site covers Buber's life and work, and includes a bibliography and links to related Web sites.
- Franz Rosenzweig Essay and Exhibit: Written by Arnold Betz and presented by the Divinity Library at Vanderbilt University, this Web site provides an overview of the life and work of Franz Rosenzweig (1886-1929), one of "the most influential figures of 20th century European and North American Judaism." The site includes a bibliography and a library of images.
- "A Great Assemblage": Sponsored by the Yale University Library, this Web site is an on-line "[e]xhibit of Judaica in honor of the opening of the Joseph Slifka Center for Jewish Life at Yale." The presenters hope it "will present in miniature the depth and richness of Yale's vast Hebraica and Judaica holdings. This on-line version contains a complete listing of the contents of the exhibit but only a selection of the items actually on display at the Sterling Memorial Library appear in picture form."
- Jewish Division -- New York Public Library: Created and maintained by the Center for the Humanities of the New York Public Library, this Web site provides information about the NYPL's Judaica collection, which is "one of the great collections of Judaica in the world and the most accessible for both scholarly and personal use." Over 10,000 people annually use the noncirculating materials in the Jewish Division's reading room. This site offers details about the Jewish Division, contact information (the postal address and phone number), as well as the Division's operating hours.
- Jewish Institute for the Arts: Founded by Shalom Goldberg, the Jewish Institute for the Arts is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization "dedicated to the increased understanding and knowledge of Jewish arts and history through education, preservation, promotion, and appreciation of the arts." The foundation's goals include establishing the Chaim Goldberg Museum of Art in Israel; the Chaim Goldberg Virtual Museum and Archive is available at the JIA's Web site, and "features over 250 works of art spanning some 55 years of the artist's work . . . and covering nine major themes that have absorbed his attention." (Chaim Goldberg -- born 20 March 1917, in the Polish shtetl of Kazimierz Dolny -- is considered a leading 20th Century Jewish artist.)
- Documents of Jewish Belief: Maintained by A. Engler Anderson, this Web site is a first step "in an ambitious effort to provide an archive of Judaica texts on the World Wide Web. Materials published prior to 1917 are now in the public domain, and represent . . . a significant resource that can be . . . made available from this or other home pages. Planned additions for this page include additional Solomon Schechter essays . . ., selected articles from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, selections from the Rodkinson translation of the Babylonian Talmud and the Friedlander translation of Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed."
- Introduction to Judaism -- UC Davis: A resource for the Introduction to Judaism course of the Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies at UC Davis, this site offers a class syllabus; a glossary of terms related to Judaism; a time line of the history of Judaism; and other information (e.g., writings by Maimonides), including links to related Web sites.
- Torah Study Opportunities on the 'Net: Created and maintained by Eric Simon, this Web site provides "references to Torah and Talmud study opportunities" on the Internet -- via the World Wide Web, Gopher sites, and electronic mail subscription lists.
- Österreichisches Jüdisches Museum (Jewish Museum of Austria): The Jewish Museum of Austria in Eisenstadt was founded in 1972. The Web site, in German and English, provides general information about the museum; information on the private synagogue of Samson Wertheimer; a short history of Eisenstadt's Jewish quarter; information on temporary and permanent exhibitions; a listing of items in the museum's shop; and, links to other sites.
- Das Salomon Ludwig Steinheim-Institut für deutsch-jüdische Geschichte (The Salomon Ludwig Steinhem Institute for German-Jewish History): Located at Gerhard Mercator University in Duisburg, Germany, the Steinheim Institute "is charged with research into German-Jewish relations from the Enlightenment (after ca. 1750) to the present."
Information at the site, which is in English and German, includes general information about the institute and the institute's research projects; a list of the institute's publications; and, information about the free quarterly Dialog newsletter (and back issues, in German only), the Nachum Tim Gidal Gidal picture archive, the Cohen Library, and contacting the institute. The site also provides links to sites pertaining to Judaism and German-Jewish history.
Founded in 1986, the Steinhem Institute is named after the Jewish physician, author, and theologian Salomon Ludwig Steinheim (1789-1866).
- Khazaria Information Center: Maintained by Kevin Brook, this site offers information about the Khazars, who converted to Judaism and were the historical basis for Judah Halevi's philosophical work, Kuzari. The site includes a brief history and map of Khazaria; a time line of Khazar history; medieval quotes about Khazar Judaism; and, links to other Jewish Web sites.
- Catskills Institute Home Page: The Catskills Institute "is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to understanding the past and preserving the record of Jewish life in the Catskill Mountains" of southeastern New York. The institute's Web site contains "general information about the institute, reference material relating to Jewish life in the Catskill Mountains, details about future work and upcoming meetings, as well as membership information."
For more information about the Catskills Institute, you may contact Dr. Phil Brown <
Phil_Brown@brown.edu> of the Department of Sociology at Brown University or Dr. Shalom Goldman <
email@example.com> of the Asian Studies Department at Dartmouth University.
Jerusalem: Western Wall
Windows Exhibit: This Web site provides an on-line exhibit of
Marc Chagall's windows in the Synagogue of the Hadassah at Hebrew
University Medical Center. The windows represent the twelve sons of
Jacob, from whom came the Twelve Tribes of Israel.
- Jewishnet: Jewishnet
Global Jewish Information Network offers a wide range of resources,
including links to, and information about, Israeli and Jewish
electronic mailing lists; WWW, Gopher, and FTP sites; libraries; and
UseNet news groups.
Mosaic: Jerusalem Mosaic offers an on-line tour of Jerusalem,
which includes stops at many famous sites: "Travel the city
through the different periods, meet the people, taste the food, enjoy
the special costumes and visit the sites."
of Israel: Hosted by the Weizmann Institute of Science, in
Rehovot, Israel, this on-line tour of Israel includes many points of
interest, including maps of Israel; Jerusalem; Western Galilee and
the Carmel; and the Negev Desert. Topics under development include
the Upper Galilee and the Golan; the Sea of Galilee and the Valleys;
Tel Aviv and the Sharon Valley; and Coastal Plain and the Dead Sea.
- Virtual Jerusalem:
Virtual Jerusalem is one of the most popular sources on the Internet for
information about Judaism and Israel; more than 100,000 people visit
this site each month. The Jerusalem One Gopher, accessible from this
Web site, contains over 10,000 files on Jewish subjects.
- Israel Foreign Ministry Home Page: Created and maintained by the Information Division of the Israel Foreign Ministry, this Web site provides "basic information about the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, recent developments in Israel, and a general background about various facets of Israeli government and life."
- Shamash -- The Jewish
Internet Consortium: Shamash is a worldwide consortium of Jewish
organizations and enterprises which have come together to create an
open Jewish network on the Internet.
- Project Genesis: Project Genesis provides Jewish activities for college students through a network of chapters and affiliates; it also offers a wide range of on-line classes on Judaism via the Internet. Project Genesis promotes further Jewish education about Jewish heritage, as represented in Jewish sources.
- Jewish Communication Network (JCN): Maintained by Advanced Standards, Inc.,
this Web page features many items, including international discussion forums (JCN Interactive); Israeli election polls and news; a Jewish calendar; holiday celebrations; daily connections to Jewish and Israeli news; and, on-line publications.
- Zionist Book Club: The Zionist Book Club (ZBC) is a publisher of a wide variety of Jewish books, some controversial. For information about the ZBC, you can select this link: "Over the several years that we were active in Israel, we had a profound impact on the political scene by continually presenting books, some of which had been banned and others that Steimatsky Books, the large monopoly bookseller in Israel, had refused to carry, even though there was considerable interest."
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Last Updated: 5 December 2005
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