Heinrich Heine

Portrait of Heinrich Heine
Engraving by Ludwig Grimm, 1827



 '...Dort, wo man Buecher / Verbrennt, verbrennt man auch am Ende Menschen.' (Where one burns books, in the end, one will also burn people.) -- ALMANSOR, (1820-1), l. 245




Heinrich Heine: Table of Dates

1797
13 December: Born in Düsseldorf.

1819
Attends University of Bonn, studying law as his principal subject.

1820
Transfers to University of Göttingen; rusticated for planning to fight a duel.

1821
Moves to University of Berlin.

1822
Publishes Poems.

1823
Publishes Tragedies with a Lyrical Intermezzo.

1824
Returns to Göttingen to complete his studies.
September-October: Walking tour through the Harz Mountains.
2 October: Meeting with Goethe in Weimar.

1825
Conversion to Protestantism; graduation from Göttingen.

1826
The Harz Journey published in book form as part of Travel Picutres I.

1827
Publishes Book of Songs; Travel Pictures II, including Ideas: The Book of Le Grand.

1830
July Revolution in Paris.

1831
The Town of Lucca published as part of Supplement to the Travel Pictures.
(Later reprinted as Travel Pictures IV).
Heine moves to Paris, where he lives for the rest of his life.

1835
On the History of Religion and Philosophy in Germany published in book form;
The Romantic School.
10 December: Heine's writings, along with those of the so-called "Young German" school of writers, are officially banned throughout Germany.

1841
Marries Crescence-Eugénie Mirat ("Mathilde").

1842
Writes Atta Troll: A Midsummer Night's Dream, a romantic and humorous narrative poem, satirizing many targets, including German political poets (published 1847).

1843
Revisits Germany.

1844
Friendship with Karl Marx; publication of Germany: A Winter's Tale, a fictionalized account of his visit, and of New Poems.




 Ich hatte einst ein schoenes Vaterland. / Der Eichenbaum / Wuchs dort so hoch, die Veilchen nickten sanft. / Es war ein Traum. / Das kuesste mich auf deutsch und sprach auf deutsch / (Man glaubt es kaum / Wie gut es klang) das Wort: 'Ich liebe dich!' / Es war ein Traum. -- Aus IN DER FREMDE (NEUE GEDICHTE)

 [ English ]




1848
Outbreak of revolutions in Berlin, Paris, Milan, Naples, Vienna, Prague. Heine collapses with a painful and parlyzing illness; bedridden for the last eight years of his life.

1851
Publishes Romanzero, a major collection of poems.

1853
(Probably) Heine writes the Confessions and much of the Memoirs.

1854
Publishes Poems 1853 and 1854.

1856
17 February: Dies; buried at Montmartre.




 'Dieu me pardonnera. C'est son metier. (God will pardon me. It is His trade.)' -- Heine on His Deathbed, from Edmond and Charles Goncourt's JOURNAL, 23 February 1863







Works Cited


Last Updated: 5 February 1996


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