Heinrich Heine

Portrait of Heinrich Heine
Engraving by Ludwig Grimm, 1827

 '...Dort, wo man Buecher / Verbrennt, verbrennt man auch am Ende Menschen.' (Where one burns books, in the end, one will also burn people.) -- ALMANSOR, (1820-1), l. 245

Heinrich Heine: Table of Dates

13 December: Born in Düsseldorf.

Attends University of Bonn, studying law as his principal subject.

Transfers to University of Göttingen; rusticated for planning to fight a duel.

Moves to University of Berlin.

Publishes Poems.

Publishes Tragedies with a Lyrical Intermezzo.

Returns to Göttingen to complete his studies.
September-October: Walking tour through the Harz Mountains.
2 October: Meeting with Goethe in Weimar.

Conversion to Protestantism; graduation from Göttingen.

The Harz Journey published in book form as part of Travel Picutres I.

Publishes Book of Songs; Travel Pictures II, including Ideas: The Book of Le Grand.

July Revolution in Paris.

The Town of Lucca published as part of Supplement to the Travel Pictures.
(Later reprinted as Travel Pictures IV).
Heine moves to Paris, where he lives for the rest of his life.

On the History of Religion and Philosophy in Germany published in book form;
The Romantic School.
10 December: Heine's writings, along with those of the so-called "Young German" school of writers, are officially banned throughout Germany.

Marries Crescence-Eugénie Mirat ("Mathilde").

Writes Atta Troll: A Midsummer Night's Dream, a romantic and humorous narrative poem, satirizing many targets, including German political poets (published 1847).

Revisits Germany.

Friendship with Karl Marx; publication of Germany: A Winter's Tale, a fictionalized account of his visit, and of New Poems.

 Ich hatte einst ein schoenes Vaterland. / Der Eichenbaum / Wuchs dort so hoch, die Veilchen nickten sanft. / Es war ein Traum. / Das kuesste mich auf deutsch und sprach auf deutsch / (Man glaubt es kaum / Wie gut es klang) das Wort: 'Ich liebe dich!' / Es war ein Traum. -- Aus IN DER FREMDE (NEUE GEDICHTE)

 [ English ]

Outbreak of revolutions in Berlin, Paris, Milan, Naples, Vienna, Prague. Heine collapses with a painful and parlyzing illness; bedridden for the last eight years of his life.

Publishes Romanzero, a major collection of poems.

(Probably) Heine writes the Confessions and much of the Memoirs.

Publishes Poems 1853 and 1854.

17 February: Dies; buried at Montmartre.

 'Dieu me pardonnera. C'est son metier. (God will pardon me. It is His trade.)' -- Heine on His Deathbed, from Edmond and Charles Goncourt's JOURNAL, 23 February 1863

Works Cited

Last Updated: 5 February 1996

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